The emerging field of nanotechnology has long been thought of as obscure, if not even a little scary. However, nanotech is proving its potential across different sectors, causing businesses to think about how their organization could benefit from minuscule machines and materials.
Many benefits of nanotechnology depend on the fact that it is possible to tailor the structures of materials at extremely small scales to achieve specific properties, thus substantially extending the materials science toolkit. Using nanotechnology, materials can effectively be made stronger, lighter, more durable, more reactive, more sieve-like, or better electrical conductors, among many other traits. Many everyday commercial products are currently on the market and in daily use that relies on nanoscale materials and processes.
Nanotechnology is helping to considerably improve, even revolutionize, many technologies and industry sectors: information technology, homeland security, medicine, transportation, energy, food safety, and environmental science, among many others.
Nanotechnology in Medicine:
The use of nanotechnology in medicine offers some exciting possibilities. Some techniques are only imagined, while others are at various stages of testing, or being used today.
Researchers are developing customized nanoparticles the size of molecules that can deliver drugs directly to diseased cells in your body. When it’s perfected, this method should significantly reduce the damage treatment such as chemotherapy does to a patient’s healthy cells.
Nanotechnology in Electronics:
In a world dominated by data, it is vital to handle information quickly and at scale. Luckily, when it comes to electronics, nanotechnology can deliver the smaller, faster, and more powerful chips needed to meet big data demands.
Nanotechnology in Food Science:
Nanotechnology is having an impact on several aspects of food science, from how food is grown to how it is packaged. Companies are developing nanomaterials that will make a difference not only in the taste of food but also in food safety and the health benefits that food delivers.
Nanotechnology in Energy:
As the world’s energy demand continues to grow, the development of more efficient and sustainable technologies for generating and storing energy is becoming increasingly important. Advances in nanotechnology show great promise to have a significant impact on the energy industry
One of the main branches of energy where nanotechnology is considered to have particular potential is solar. In nano engineered solar cells, smaller particles and materials with different molecular structures facilitate higher energy absorption.
Nanotechnology in Manufacturing:
Manufacturing at the nanoscale is known as Nanomanufacturing. Nanomanufacturing involves scaled-up, reliable, and cost-effective manufacturing of nanoscale materials, structures, devices, and systems. It also includes research, development, and integration of top-down processes and increasingly complex bottom-up or self-assembly processes. Various manufacturers are using nanotechnology to make products with improved capabilities or to reduce their manufacturing costs.
Nanotechnology in Space:
Nanotechnology may hold the key to making space flight more practical. Advancements in nanomaterials make lightweight solar sails and a cable for the space elevator possible. By significantly reducing the amount of rocket fuel required, these advances could lower the cost of reaching orbit and traveling in space.
Nanotechnology in Environmental Remediation:
The use of nanoparticles for environmental remediation is referred to as Nanoremediation. Environmental remediation relies mainly on using various technologies (e.g., adsorption, absorption, chemical reactions, photocatalysis, and filtration) for the removal of contaminants from different environmental media (e.g., soil, water, and air). The enhanced properties and effectiveness of nanotechnology-based materials make them particularly suitable for such processes, given that they have a high surface-area-to-volume ratio, which often results in higher reactivity.
Nanotechnology in Automobiles:
Automotive manufacturers are keen to utilize technologies which offer cost-effective improvements in vehicle performance as well as enabling them to meet stricter legislation regarding emissions and safety. There are a number of products and processes enhanced by nanomaterials making an impact in the automotive industry. An example of this would be the use of carbon nanotube coatings for EMI and ESD for fuel systems components.
Nanotechnology in Sports:
If you’re a tennis or golf fan, you’ll be glad to hear that even sporting goods have wandered into the nano realm. Current nanotechnology applications in the sports arena include increasing the strength of tennis racquets, filling any imperfections in club shaft materials, and reducing the rate at which air leaks from tennis balls.
So, although Nanotechnology may seem like a hot buzz word of the twenty-first century, nano techniques and advancements have been playing a role in product development for decades.
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